Types
The following covers the definition of type and their composition and type expressions.

Definition

There are three different kinds of type definitions in TreeLDR:

Empty Type

The empty type is defined by simply declaring the name of the type directly followed by a semicolon.
// Empty type.
type MyType;

Normal Type

A normal type also declares properties that can be applied to the instances of this type. Properties are listed inside the definition between braces:
// Normal type.
type MyType {
property1: Type1,
// ...
propertyN: TypeN
}
The type of each property is specified after a colon : using a type expression. If a property listed in the definition is declared outside the type definition, it is not required to specify the type of the property again.

Type Alias

Lastly, it is possible to define type aliases. Such a type is defined using a type expression.
type MyType = TypeExpression;

Type Expression

A type expression is a composition of existing types by union, intersection and restriction.

Union

The union between two or more types is expressed using the | operator.
TypeA | ... | TypeN
An instance of this type is also an instance of at least one of the listed sub-types.

Intersection

The intersection between two or more types is expressed using the & operator.
TypeA & ... & TypeN
An instance of this type is also an instance of all the listed sub-types.

Range Restriction

Range restrictions are used to select a subset of a type by restricting the range of one of its properties. There are two kinds of range restrictions: universal and existential.
A universal range restriction is built using the all keyword:
all someProperty: RestrictedType
This denotes the type of all values such that all objects of someProperty are instances of RestrictedType.
Similarly, the existential range restriction is built using the any keyword:
any someProperty: RestrictionType
This denotes the type of all values such that at least one object of someProperty is an instance of RestrictedType.
Range restrictions are usually part of an intersection:
Type & all someProperty: RestrictionType
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Definition
Type Expression